We’ve organized important employment cases to help workers know their rights. The cases below highlight workers’ rights related to sex and gender discrimination, race discrimination, age discrimination, and unfair labor practices.
The Supreme Court ruled in Griggs that under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 if an employment test disparately impacts minority groups, the employer must demonstrate that the tests is “reasonably related” to the job for which the test is required.
In Alexander, the Supreme Court held that an employee who submits a discrimination claim to arbitration under a collective bargaining agreement is not precluded from suing her employer under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. According to the Court, the right to be free of unlawful employment discrimination is a statutory right and cannot be bargained away by the union and employer.
In Betts, the Supreme Court analyzed an employee’s claim under the Age Discrimination Employment Act (known as the ADEA). The employee alleged that her benefits plan discriminated against her based on age. But the Supreme Court held that the ADEA does not prohibit discrimination in employee benefit plans unless the plan is a means to discriminate in some “non-fringe” benefit of employment.